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courtesy of
Parentmedic NQ

Summer fun around water can be fatal. Would you know how to respond if you were in a situation where a family member or friend was unconscious?

62 people drowned in Queensland in 2020. 77% of those who drowned were male and there were six children in the 0–4-year age group. Children under the age of five are particularly vulnerable with Queensland having the highest rate of child drownings of any Australian state or territory. Pools, bathtubs, rural water hazards i.e., dams and water troughs and lakes, creeks, rivers or ponds are all sites where drowning can occur.

CPR

CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCIATION (CPR)

CPR helps keep the blood circulating and delivers oxygen to the body until specialist treatment is available. There is usually enough oxygen still in the blood to keep the brain and other organs alive supported for a few minutes, but it is not circulating unless someone does CPR.

Follow these steps before starting CPR:

D        Danger
Ensure that the person and everyone in the area is safe. Do not put yourself or others at risk. Remove the danger or the person

R        Response
Look for a response from the person; loudly ask ‘can you hear me’, ‘open your eyes’, ‘what is your name’, ‘squeeze my hand’.
Also squeeze their shoulder to see if there is a response.

S        Send for help
If there is no response, phone 000 or ask another person to call.
Do not leave the person.

A        Airway
Check their mouth and throat is clear. Remove anything obvious in the mouth or nose, such as vomit, blood, food, or loose teeth.
If the airway is blocked by a small object, do not put fingers in the mouth and try to remove the object.
For adults gently tilt their head back and lift their chin.

B       Breathing
Check if the person is breathing or not breathing at all for 10 seconds.
If they are breathing normally, place them in the recovery position and stay with them

C        Compressions
If they are still not breathing normally, start CPR. Chest compressions are the most important part of CPR.

D        Defibrillation
Attach an Automated External Defibrillator (AED) to the person if one is available and there is someone else who can bring it.
Do not get one yourself if that would mean leave the person alone.

Chest compressions

  • Place the person on their back and kneel beside them
  • Place the heel of your hand on the lower half of the breastbone, in the centre of the person’s chest. Place the other hand on top of the first hand and interlock your fingers
  • Position yourself above the person’s chest
  • Using your body weight (not just your arms) and keeping your arms straight, press straight down on the chest by one third of the chest depth
  • Release the pressure. Pressing down and releasing in one compression

Give 30 compressions followed by two breaths, known as “30:2”. Aim for five sets in two minutes (if only doing compressions, 100 – 120 compressions per minute). If you can’t give breaths, doing compressions only without stopping may still save a life.

For more information on CPR with babies and children CLICK HERE

*The information provided by Parentmedic North Qld is for general informational and educational purposes only. Accordingly, before taking any actions based upon such information, we encourage you to consult with the appropriate professionals.
The use or reliance of any information is solely at your own risk.

Loretta Woodford is passionate about educating parents and carers to be confident in an emergency situation through her Baby/Child First Aid sessions. She is a Registered Nurse with a Master in Nursing (Education) and the Owner of Parentmedic North Qld

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